These results support the need for specific training in multi-tur

These results support the need for specific training in multi-turn reactive agility tasks.”
“Human immunodeficiency

virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) possesses two distinct enzymatic activities: those of RNA- and DNA-dependent DNA polymerases and RNase H. In the current HIV-1 therapy, all HIV-1 RT inhibitors inhibit the activity of DNA polymerase, but not that of RNase H. We previously reported that ethanol and water extracts of Brasenia schreberi (Junsai) inhibited the DNA polymerase activity of HIV-1 RT [Hisayoshi et al. (2014) J Biol Macromol 14:59-65]. In this study, we screened 43 edible plants and found that ethanol and water extracts of Brasenia schreberi and water extract of Petasites japonicus strongly inhibit not only the activity of DNA polymerase to incorporate dTTP into poly(rA)-p(dT)(15) but also the activity of RNase H to hydrolyze the RNA strand of learn more an RNA/DNA hybrid. In addition, these three extracts inhibit HIV-1 replication in human cells, with EC50 values of 1-2 A mu g/ml. These results suggest that Brasenia schreberi and Petasites japonicus contain substances that block HIV-1 replication by inhibiting the DNA polymerase activity and/or RNase H activity of HIV-1 RT.”
“Chronic GVHD is a significant complication

following allogeneic click here hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; however, the clinical characteristics of chronic GVHD following cord blood transplantation (CBT) in adults have not been well described. Between March 2001 and November 2005, a total of 77 patients underwent CBT at eight transplantation centers of the Nagoya Blood and Marrow Transplantation Group. Of 77 patients, 29 survived without graft failure or progression

of underlying diseases for at least 100 days after transplantation. The median age of the 29 patients was 42 years (range, 18-67 years). Seven patients developed chronic GVHD (extensive, n = 4; limited, n = 3) disease. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD 1 year after day 100 was 24% (95% confidence interval (CI), 11-41%), and the organs involved were the skin (n = 6), oral cavity (n = 4), liver (n = 1) and gastrointestinal tract (n = 1). In three patients, chronic GVHD was resolved with supportive care. The remaining four were successfully treated with additional immunosuppressive therapy. Event-free survival rates Selleck PLX3397 of the 29 patients with and without chronic GVHD 3 years after day 100 were 83 (95% CI, 27-97%) and 36% (95% CI, 17-56%), respectively (P = 0.047). These results suggest that chronic GVHD following CBT is mild and has a graft-versus-malignancy effect.”
“Introduction Bacterial infection of endovascular stent grafts is a serious condition, regularly leading to graft replacement by open bypass surgery.\n\nCase Report We describe the case of a staphylococcal infection of a 150-mm covered stent graft (Gore Viabahn), placed in the superficial femoral artery.

5 years of data collected at Mbeli Bai in northern


5 years of data collected at Mbeli Bai in northern

Congo. Access to mates and offspring survival were both major sources of variance in male reproductive success. Males with larger harems had lower offspring mortality with no apparent reduction in female fertility or observed tenure length, so the size of harems did not seem to be limited by female feeding competition or by the risk of takeovers and infanticide by outsider males. The lower mortality in larger harems may reflect improved vigilance against predators, and females may cluster around males that enhance offspring survival. Thus, this study illustrates how a detailed analysis of the components of male Fer-1 reproductive success can shed light on the interrelated social and ecological aspects that affect it.”
“A novel tertiary amine catalyst (TAC) and trithiocarbonate (TTC) synergistic photo-induced controlled radical polymerization of methacrylates in the absence of conventional photo-initiators, metal-catalysts, MLN2238 Proteases inhibitor or dye sensitizers, has been realized under mild UV irradiation (lambda(max) approximate to 365 nm), yielding polymethacrylates with low molecular weight distributions and excellent end-group fidelity.”
“Loco-regional treatments play a key role in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma

(HCC). Image-guided tumor ablation is recommended in patients with early-stage HCC when surgical options are precluded. Radiofrequency ablation has shown superior anticancer effects and greater survival benefit with respect to the seminal percutaneous technique, ethanol injection, in meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials, and is currently established as the standard method for

local tumor treatment. Novel thermal and nonthermal techniques for tumor ablation including microwave ablation, selleck screening library irreversible electroporation, and light-activated drug therapy seem to have potential to overcome the limitations of radiofrequency ablation and warrant further clinical investigation. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the standard of care for patients with asymptomatic, noninvasive multinodular tumors at the intermediate stage. The recent introduction of embolic microspheres that have the ability to release the drug in a controlled and sustained fashion has been shown to significantly increase safety and efficacy of TACE with respect to conventional, lipiodol-based regimens. The available data for radioembolization with yttrium-90 suggests that this is a potential new option for patients with HCC, which should be investigated in the setting of randomized controlled trials. Despite the advances and refinements in loco-regional approaches, the long-term survival outcomes of patients managed with interventional techniques are not fully satisfactory, mainly because of the high rates of tumor recurrence.

05; p = 0 84), log(ANC) nadir (beta = -0 03; 95% CI, -0 10 to 0 0

05; p = 0.84), log(ANC) nadir (beta = -0.03; 95% CI, -0.10 to 0.04; p = 0.40), hemoglobin

nadir (beta = -0.09; 95% CI, -0.31 to 0.14; p = 0.452), or platelet nadir (beta = -3.47; 95% CI, -10.44 to 3.50; p = 0.339).\n\nConclusions: Irradiation of BM subregions with higher F-18-FDG-PET activity was associated with hematologic toxicity, supporting the hypothesis that reducing dose to BMACT subregions could mitigate hematologic toxicity. Future investigation should seek to confirm these findings and to identify optimal SUV thresholds to define BMACT. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc.”
“Purpose: To determine whether optical imaging can be used for in vivo therapy response monitoring as an alternative to radionuclide techniques. For this, we evaluated the known Her2 response to 17-dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin hydrochloride (17-DMAG) Belnacasan Apoptosis inhibitor treatment, an Hsp90 inhibitor.\n\nExperimental Design: After in vitro 17-DMAG treatment response evaluation of MCF7 parental cells and 2 HER2-transfected

clones (clone A medium, BI-D1870 in vitro B high Her2 expression), we established human breast cancer xenografts in nude mice (only parental and clone B) for in vivo evaluation. Mice received 120 mg/kg of 17-DMAG in 4 doses at 12-hour intervals intraperitonially (n = 14) or PBS as carrier control (n = 9). Optical images were obtained both pretreatment (day 0) and posttreatment (day 3, 6, and 9), always 5 hours postinjection of 500 pmol of anti-Her2 Affibody-AlexaFluor680 via tail vein (with preinjection background subtraction). Days 3 and 9 in vivo optical imaging signal was further correlated with ex vivo Her2 levels by Western blot after sacrifice.\n\nResults: Her2 expression decreased with 17-DMAG dose in vitro. In vivo optical imaging signal was reduced by 22.5% in clone B (P = 0.003) and by 9% in MCF7 parental tumors (P = 0.23) 3 days after 17-DMAG treatment; optical imaging signal recovered in both tumor types at

days 6 to 9. In the carrier group, no signal reduction was observed. Pearson correlation of in vivo optical imaging FRAX597 manufacturer signal with ex vivo Her2 levels ranged from 0.73 to 0.89.\n\nConclusions: Optical imaging with an affibody can be used to noninvasively monitor changes in Her2 expression in vivo as a response to treatment with an Hsp90 inhibitor, with results similar to response measurements in positron emission tomography imaging studies. Clin Cancer Res; 18(4); 1073-81. (C)2012 AACR.”
“Introduction: Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is probably the most potent biological toxin that can affect humans. Since its discovery by Justinus Kerner, BoNT has seen use in a wide range of cosmetic and non-cosmetic conditions such as cervical dystonia, cerebral palsy, migraines and hyperhidrosis. We tried to trace its history from its inception to its recent urological applications. Materials and Methods: Historical articles about botulinum toxin were reviewed and a Medline search was performed for its urological utility.

Although the degree of spinal cord histopathology and clinical se

Although the degree of spinal cord histopathology and clinical severity was separated

from the PLP:139151-specific TH1/TH17 cell and antibody response, it was linked to the number of infiltrating macrophages and activated microglia. Cl-amidine chemical structure In particular, there was a correlation between their secretion product interleukin-1 beta and the degree of axonal loss. Although CD4+ T cells seem to be mainly involved in disease initiation, we suggest that it is the downstream activation of the innate immune response that defines the magnitude of the disease outcome. (C) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“BACKGROUND: Light-to-moderate alcohol consumption is known to reduce the risk of coronary artery disease.\n\nOBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships of alcohol intake with atherogenic indices, such as the ratio of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C/HDL-C ratio) and the ratio of triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C ratio), in women.\n\nMETHODS: Subjects (14,067 women, 20-45 years) were divided by alcohol intake

into three groups of nondrinkers, occasional drinkers, and regular drinkers, and each drinker group was further divided into lower- (<22 g ethanol/drinking day) and greater- (>= 22 g ethanol/drinking day) quantity drinkers. Atherogenic indices were compared among the alcohol groups.\n\nRESULTS: Odds ratio (OR) for high LDL-C/HDL-C ratio or high TG/HDL-C ratio calculated after adjustment for age, body mass index, smoking, and habitual exercise GDC-0068 mw was significantly lower (P < .05) than a reference level

of 1.00 in regular or occasional lower- and higher quantity drinkers vs. nondrinkers (OR for high LDL-C/HDL-C ratio, 0.28 (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.18-0.44) in regular lower-quantity drinkers, 0.18 (95% CI, 0.12-0.28) in regular higher quantity drinkers, 0.71 (95% CI, 0.61-0.83) in occasional lower-quantity drinkers, and 0.53 (95% CI, 0.44-0.64) in occasional higher quantity drinkers; OR for high TG/HDL-C ratio, 0.52 (95% CI, 0.32-0.85) in regular lower-quantity drinkers, 0.67 (95% CI, 0.47-0.96) in regular higher-quantity VS-4718 drinkers, 0.61 (95% CI, 0.50-0.76) in occasional lower-quantity drinkers, and 0.63 (95% CI, 0.50-0.79) in occasional higher-quantity drinkers. Both LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and log-transformed TG/HDL-C ratio were significantly greater in smokers than in nonsmokers. Both in smokers and nonsmokers, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and log-transformed TG/HDL-C ratio were significantly lower in regular lower- and higher-quantity drinkers than in nondrinkers. In nonsmokers, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and log-transformed TG/HDL-C ratio tended to be lower and greater, respectively, in regular greater-quantity drinkers than in regular lower-quantity drinkers.

Moreover, because the flooding regime of Amazonian rivers is stro

Moreover, because the flooding regime of Amazonian rivers is strongly related to large-scale climatic phenomena, there might be a perilous connection between climate change and the future prospects for the species. Our experience reveals that the success of research and conservation of

wild Amazonian manatees depends on close working relationships with local inhabitants.”
“Although indices of aortic augmentation derived from radial applanation tonometry are independently associated with adverse cardiovascular BKM120 clinical trial effects, whether these relationships are influenced by gender is uncertain. We compared the brachial blood pressure-independent contribution of augmentation index (AIx) to variations in left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in a community sample of 808 participants, 283 of whom were men.

Aortic haemodynamics were determined using radial applanation tonometry and SphygmoCor software and LVMI from echocardiography. In men, both AIx derived from aortic augmentation pressure/central aortic pulse pressure (AP/PPc; partial r = 0.17, beta-coefficient +/- s.e.m. = 0.55 +/- 0.20, P smaller than 0.01) and AIx derived from the second peak/first peak (P-2/P-1) of the Selleck HIF inhibitor aortic pulse wave (partial r = 0.21, beta-coefficient +/- s.e.m. = 0.42 +/- 0.12, P smaller than 0.0005) were associated with LVM indexed to body surface area (LVMI-BSA). In contrast, in women, neither AIx derived from AP/PPc (partial r = – 0.08, beta-coefficient +/- s.e.m. = – 0.20 +/- 0.11, P = 0.08) nor AIx derived from P-2/P-1 (partial r = -0.06, beta-coefficient +/- s.e.m. = -0.07+/-0.05, P = 0.17) were associated with LVMI-BSA. Both the strength of the correlations (P smaller than 0.001 and P smaller than 0.0005 with z-statistics) and the slope

of the AIx-LVMI relationships (P = 0.001 and P smaller than 0.0005) were greater in men as compared with women. The lack of relationship between Caspase inhibitor AIx and LVMI was noted in both premenopausal (n = 285; AP/PPc vs. LVMI-BSA, partial r = 0.01, P = 0.95, P-2/P-1 vs. LVMI-BSA, partial r = 0.02, P = 0.77), and postmenopausal (n = 240; AP/PPc vs. LVMI-BSA, partial r = -0.06, P = 0.37, P-2/P-1 vs. LVMI-BSA, partial r = -0.03, P = 0.64) women. Similar differences were noted in the relationships between AIx and LVM indexed to height(2.7) in men and women. In conclusion, radial applanation tonometry-derived AIx may account for less of the variation in end-organ changes in women as compared with men.”
“Sequence analysis of segment 2 (seg-2) of three Indian bluetongue virus (BTV) isolates, Dehradun, Rahuri and Bangalore revealed 99% nucleotide identity amongst them and 96% with the reference BTV 23. Phylogenetic analysis grouped the isolates in ‘nucleotype D’. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequence of the Bangalore isolate showed a high variability in a few places compared to other isolates. B-cell epitope analyses predicted an epitope that is present exclusively in the Bangalore isolate.

Therefore, we hypothesized that acetylation and/or methylation of

Therefore, we hypothesized that acetylation and/or methylation of histone H3 may underlie sexual differentiation, at least in some regions of the brain. We measured levels of acetylated (H3K9/14Ac)

and trim-ethylated (H3K9Me3) H3 in whole neonatal mouse 432 brains and in three regions: preoptic area + hypothalamus, amygdala and cortex + hippocampus (CTX/HIP). Sex differences in H3K9/14Ac and H3K9Me3 (males > females) were noted in SNX-5422 nmr the CTX/HIP on embryonic day 18, the day of birth, and six days later. To determine if T mediates these changes in H3 modifications, pregnant dams received vehicle or T for the final four days of gestation; pup brains were collected at birth. Methylation of H3 was sexually dimorphic despite hormone treatment. In contrast, H3 acetylation in the CTX/HIP of females from T-treated dams rose to levels equivalent to males. Thus, H3 modifications are sexually dimorphic in the developing mouse CTX/HIP and acetylation, but not methylation, is masculinized in females by T in utero. This is the first demonstration that histone modification is associated with neural sexual differentiation.”
“Alkaline fuel cell membranes have the potential to reduce the cost and CP-868596 order weight of

current fuel cell technology, but they still have not been broadly commercialized due to poor hydroxide conductivities and mechanical properties, in addition to low chemical stability. One approach to address these mechanical and transport shortcomings is forming a morphologically bicontinuous network of an ion transporting phase and a hydrophobic phase to provide mechanical strength. In this report, membranes having bicontinuous morphologies are fabricated by cross-linking

cation-containing block copolymers with hydrophobic constituents. This is accomplished in a single step and does not require postpolymerization modification. The resulting materials conduct hydroxide ions very rapidly, as high as 120 mS cm(-1) in liquid water at 60 degrees C. The methodological changes required to obtain a bicontinuous GW786034 molecular weight morphology from such strongly self-segregating block copolymers, relevant to other applications in which bicontinuous structures are desired, are also described.”
“The hydroalcoholic extract of fruits of Ziziphus jujuba (ZJ) was investigated for its anti-inflammatory effect using acute and chronic models of inflammation in rat. Wistar albino rats of either sex were employed in the present study (n = 6). Acute inflammation was induced by subplantar administration of carrageenan (1%) in rat hind paw. Chronic inflammation was induced by interscapular implantation of a sterile cotton pellet (50 mg). ZJ extract as test drug and indomethacin (10 mg/kg) as standard were used. Serum nitrite/nitrate was also estimated to determine the expression of nitric oxide. In the acute study, carrageenan (1%) administration caused marked paw edema.

The cold shock response leads to a growth block and overall repre

The cold shock response leads to a growth block and overall repression of translation; however, there is the induction of a set of specific proteins that help to tune cell metabolism and readjust it to the new conditions. For a mesophile like E. coli, the adaptation process takes about 4 h. Although the bacterial cold shock response was 432 discovered over two decades ago we are still far from understanding this process. In this review, we aim GNS-1480 chemical structure to describe current knowledge, focusing on the functions of RNA-interacting proteins and RNases

involved in cold shock adaptation.”
“The genetic parameters for Brahman cattle under the tropical conditions of Mexico are scarce. Therefore, heritabilities, additive direct and maternal correlations, and genetic correlations for birth weight (BW) and 205 days adjusted weaning weight (WW205) were estimated in four Brahman cattle herds in Yucatan, Mexico. Parameters were estimated fitting a bivariate

animal model, with 4,531 animals in the relationship matrix, of which 2,905 had BW and 2,264 had WW205. The number of sires and dams identified for both traits were 122 and 962, respectively. Direct Sapitinib heritability estimates for BW and WW205 were 0.41 +/- 0.09 and 0.43 +/- 0.09, and maternal heritabilities were 0.15 +/- 0.07 and 0.38 +/- 0.08, respectively. Genetic correlations between direct additive and maternal genetic effects for BW and WW205 were -0.41 +/- 0.22 and -0.50 +/- 0.15, respectively. The direct genetic, maternal, and phenotypic correlations between BW and WW205 were 0.77 +/- 0.09, 0.61 +/- 0.18, and 0.35, respectively. The moderate to high genetic parameter estimates suggest that genetic improvement by selection is possible for those traits. The maternal effects and their correlation with direct effects should be taken into account to reduce bias in genetic evaluations.”
“Multiple myeloma, the second most common hematological

cancer, is currently incurable due to refractory disease relapse and development of multiple drug resistance. We and others recently established the biophysical model Nepicastat that myeloma initiating (stem) cells (MICs) trigger the stiffening of their niches via SDF-1/CXCR4 paracrine; The stiffened niches then promote the colonogenesis of MICs and protect them from drug treatment. In this work we examined in silico the pharmaceutical potential of targeting MIC niche stiffness to facilitate cytotoxic chemotherapies. We first established a multi-scale agent-based model using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo approach to recapitulate the niche stiffness centric, pro-oncogenetic positive feedback loop between MICs and myeloma-associated bone marrow stromal cells (MBMSCs), and investigated the effects of such intercellular chemo-physical communications on myeloma development.

The secreted products interact with

hepatocytes and vario

The secreted products interact with

hepatocytes and various immune cells in the liver. Altered liver metabolism and determinants of insulin resistance associated with visceral adipose tissue distribution are discussed, its well as, determinants of an insulin-resistant Citarinostat price state promoted by the increased free fatty acids and cytokines delivered by visceral adipose tissue to the liver. (C) 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Coffea canephora Pierre ex Frohener is a perennial plant originated from Africa. Two main groups, Guinean and Congolese, have already been identified within this species. They correspond to main refugia in western and central Africa. In this paper we present the analysis of a region that has not yet been studied, Uganda. Two wild, one feral (once cultivated but abandoned for many years), and two cultivated populations of C. canephora from Uganda were evaluated using 24 microsatellite markers. Basic diversity, Alvocidib price dissimilarity and genetic distances between individuals, genetic differentiation

between populations, and structure within populations were analysed. Expected heterozygosity was high for wild compartments (0.48 to 0.54) and for cultivated and feral ones (0.57 to 0.59), with the number of private alleles ranging from 12 for cultivated genotypes to 37 for a wild compartment. The Ugandan samples show 432 significant population structuring. We compared the Ugandan populations with a representative sample of known genetic diversity groups within the species using 18 markers. Coffea canephora of Ugandan

origin was found to be genetically different from previously identified diversity groups, implying that it forms another diversity group within the species. Given its large distribution and extremely recent domestication, C. canephora can be used to understand the effect of refugia colonization on genetic diversity.”
“Background: Elderly patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are often underrepresented in major percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) trials. Selleck DMH1 Use of PCI for STEMI, and associated outcomes in patients aged >= 65 years with STEMI needed further investigation.\n\nMethods: We used the 2001-2010 United States Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database to examine the temporal trends in STEMI, use of PCI for STEMI, and outcomes among patients aged 65-79 and >= 80 years.\n\nResults: During 2001-2010, of 4,017,367 patients aged >= 65 years with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 1,434,579 (35.7%) had STEMI. Over this period, among patients aged 65-79 and >= 80 years, STEMI decreased by 16.4% and 19%, whereas the use of PCI for STEMI increased by 33.5% and 22%, respectively (Ptrend 0.001). There was a significant decrease in age-adjusted in-hospital mortality (per 1000) in patients aged >= 80 years (150 versus 116, P-trend – 0.02) but not in patients aged 65-79 years (63 versus 59, P-trend – 0.886).

785 kJ mol(-1), Delta S=+490 18 kJ mol(-1), Delta G=-491 708

785 kJ mol(-1), Delta S=+490.18 kJ mol(-1), Delta G=-491.708

kJ mol(-1). The CD spectrum of BSA revealed that the binding selleck kinase inhibitor of Hoechst 33258 to BSA causes loss in the secondary structure but increases the thermal stability of the protein. The results indicated that hydrophobic interactions were the predominant intermolecular forces in stabilizing BSA-Hoechst 33258 complex. The possible implications of these results will be on designing better therapeutic minor groove binding drug molecules.”
“gamma-Glutamylcysteine (gamma-GC) is an intermediate molecule of the glutathione (GSH) synthesis pathway. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that gamma-GC pretreatment in cultured astrocytes and neurons protects against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced

oxidative injury. We demonstrate that pretreatment with gamma-GC increases the ratio of reduced:oxidized GSH levels in both neurons and astrocytes and increases total GSH levels in neurons. In addition, gamma-GC pretreatment decreases Trichostatin A inhibitor isoprostane formation both in neurons and astrocytes, as well as nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) nuclear translocation in astrocytes in response to H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative stress. Furthermore. GSH and isoprostane levels significantly correlate with increased neuron and astrocyte viability in cells pretreated with gamma-GC. Finally, BI 2536 datasheet we demonstrate that administration of a single intravenous injection of gamma-GC to mice significantly increases GSH levels in the brain, heart, lungs, liver, and in muscle tissues in vivo. These results support a potential therapeutic role for gamma-GC in the reduction of oxidant stress-induced damage in tissues including the brain. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: To determine whether during the initial phase of head and neck Cooling, jugular bulb temperature (Tjb, which may reflect brain temperature) is lower than esophageal temperature (Tes).\n\nBasic Procedures: To compare Tes and Tjb, patients received head

or head and neck cooling after cardiac arrest.\n\nMain Findings: The first series with head cooling (n = 5; mean age 54 with a ran-c of 41-62 years: I female and 4 males mean body weight 80 kg with a range of 70-85 kg) showed a mean difference of 0.22 degrees C (95% CI, – 1.14 to 0.70: P = .55 limits of agreement, -3.17 to 2.73) between Tes and Tjb over 12 hours. For the second series. with head and neck cooling (n = 6, mean age 65 with a range of 56-76 years, 3 females and 3 males mean body weight 75 kg with a range of 65-91 kg), Tjb was lower than Tes with a difference of 0.60 degrees C (95%, CI, 0.22 to 0.99, P = .01; limits of agreement, -3.10 to 4.30). During the first 3 hours, Tjb decreased faster than Tes (1.1 degrees C/h [95% CI, 0.4 to 1.8: P < .01]).

Such tonic immune responses in the GALT may allow control

Such tonic immune responses in the GALT may allow control P005091 mouse of the metabolic activity and balance of the gut microbial communities.”
“Background To ensure the highest technical performance, speed, safety, excellent control and to improve competitive performance, a successful regulation of competitive anxiety is necessary. Therefore,

it seems crucial to identify factors influencing competitive anxiety of adolescent athletes. Research suggests that people reporting high quality of life are more capable to cope with stressful and challenging situations than others. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of quality of life, the involvement of parents in sports career and coach’s leadership behaviour on competitive anxiety in Winter Youth Olympic Games participants.\n\nMethods During the first Winter Youth Olympic Games 2012 in Innsbruck/Austria, 662 (316

women) participants completed questionnaires and single items to assess quality of life, coach’s leadership behaviour, parental involvement in sports career and competitive anxiety.\n\nResults Multiple regression analysis revealed positive influences GSI-IX of high quality of life and useful coach instruction on competitive anxiety.\n\nConclusions The relationship between quality of life, coach behaviour and competitive anxiety in young elite athletes competing at the first Winter Youth Olympic Games should be considered in long-term programmes for reducing competitive stress.”
“Using aCGH, we have identified a pericentromeric deletion, spanning about 8.2 Mb, within 16p11.2-p12.2 in a patient with developmental delay (DD) and dysmorphic features. This deletion arose de novo, and is flanked by segmental duplications. The proposita was the only child of healthy nonconsanguineous parents, born after an uneventful pregnancy, at 40 weeks gestation, by normal delivery. She was referred to us at age 3(10)/(12) years for evaluation of DD and absent speech. On examination, there were a flat face; low-set, posteriorly rotated cars; high-arched palate; hypotonic face; right single palmar crease;

long, thin fingers; and a sacral dimple. Her height was at the 50th centile, weight at the 25th, and OFC at the 30th. Results of DNA FraX, HRB chromosomes, metabolic work-up, audiologic evaluation, brain MRI, electroencephalogram, and heart/abdomen ultrasonography were normal. When last seen, aged 8 years, she had a moderate intellectual disability (ID) and poor speech. She was hyperactive with short attention span and difficulty in concentration, but, based on formal testing, did not have autism. Our patient shows common clinical features to the four individuals described by Ballif et al. [Ballif et al. (2007); Nat Genet 39:1071-1073], and further characterizes the new microdeletion syndrome of 16p11.2-p12.2.