The aims of this study
were to investigate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention for “true” CTO, defined by Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade 0 and duration >= 3 months, and to compare the outcome of successful versus failed procedures. A cohort of 172 consecutive patients with de novo CTOs of native vessels confirmed by angiographic review in which percutaneous coronary interventions were attempted was studied. End points included angiographic success, in-hospital complications, and long-term major adverse cardiac events. Technical success was obtained in 73.8% of CTO lesions (127 of 172). No deaths or nonfatal Q-wave myocardial infarctions occurred in the hospital. Repeat percutaneous coronary interventions in the hospital were required Selleck AZD8055 in 1.6% of patients (2 of 127) in whom the CTOs were initially opened. Perforation during the initial failed attempts occurred in 6.7% of patients (3 of 45). One patient required operative
repair. After an average follow-up period of 2 years, patients with successful procedures experienced similar incidences of cardiac death and nonfatal Q-wave myocardial infarctions as did patients with failed procedures (5.3% and 4.9%, respectively, p = 0.3). Patients with successfully opened arteries required target vessel revascularization more frequently, but this did not reach statistical significance (18.8% vs 0%, p = 0.06). In conclusion, attempts to open CTOs with the devices learn more available at the time of this registry were accompanied by a significant risk for perforation. Furthermore, successful recanalization did not translate into a reduction in 2-year mortality or nonfatal Q-wave myocardial infarctions compared with patients with failed procedures. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (Am J Cardiol 2008;102:1175-1181)”
“Schizophrenia has been considered a devastating clinical syndromerather than a single disease. Nevertheless, the mechanisms behind the onset of schizophrenia
have been only partially elucidated. Several studies Selleck JPH203 propose that levels of trace elements are abnormal in schizophrenia; however, conflicting data generated from different biological sources prevent conclusions being drawn. In this work, we used synchrotron radiation X-ray microfluorescence spectroscopy to compare trace element levels in neural progenitor cells (NPCs) derived from two clones of induced pluripotent stem cell lines of a clozapine-resistant schizophrenic patient and two controls. Our data reveal the presence of elevated levels of potassium and zinc in schizophrenic NPCs. Neural cells treated with valproate, an adjunctive medication for schizophrenia, brought potassium and zinc content back to control levels.