5 years of data collected at Mbeli Bai in northern
Congo. Access to mates and offspring survival were both major sources of variance in male reproductive success. Males with larger harems had lower offspring mortality with no apparent reduction in female fertility or observed tenure length, so the size of harems did not seem to be limited by female feeding competition or by the risk of takeovers and infanticide by outsider males. The lower mortality in larger harems may reflect improved vigilance against predators, and females may cluster around males that enhance offspring survival. Thus, this study illustrates how a detailed analysis of the components of male Fer-1 reproductive success can shed light on the interrelated social and ecological aspects that affect it.”
“A novel tertiary amine catalyst (TAC) and trithiocarbonate (TTC) synergistic photo-induced controlled radical polymerization of methacrylates in the absence of conventional photo-initiators, metal-catalysts, MLN2238 Proteases inhibitor or dye sensitizers, has been realized under mild UV irradiation (lambda(max) approximate to 365 nm), yielding polymethacrylates with low molecular weight distributions and excellent end-group fidelity.”
“Loco-regional treatments play a key role in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma
(HCC). Image-guided tumor ablation is recommended in patients with early-stage HCC when surgical options are precluded. Radiofrequency ablation has shown superior anticancer effects and greater survival benefit with respect to the seminal percutaneous technique, ethanol injection, in meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials, and is currently established as the standard method for
local tumor treatment. Novel thermal and nonthermal techniques for tumor ablation including microwave ablation, selleck screening library irreversible electroporation, and light-activated drug therapy seem to have potential to overcome the limitations of radiofrequency ablation and warrant further clinical investigation. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the standard of care for patients with asymptomatic, noninvasive multinodular tumors at the intermediate stage. The recent introduction of embolic microspheres that have the ability to release the drug in a controlled and sustained fashion has been shown to significantly increase safety and efficacy of TACE with respect to conventional, lipiodol-based regimens. The available data for radioembolization with yttrium-90 suggests that this is a potential new option for patients with HCC, which should be investigated in the setting of randomized controlled trials. Despite the advances and refinements in loco-regional approaches, the long-term survival outcomes of patients managed with interventional techniques are not fully satisfactory, mainly because of the high rates of tumor recurrence.